Japanese American & WWII

Fred Korematsu failed to comply with the Japanese American’s orders in 1942, so he was arrested. The American Civil Liberties Union proposed the grounds that American citizens can happily live where they desire, but under 6-3 decision, the Supreme Court ruled that military necessity is constitutional. In 1942, about 110,000 Japanese Americans were incarcerated in the western US. These Japanese Americans were kept in internment camps. Korematsu disliked and refused it and went for the legal challenge through US Supreme Court. According to the Supreme Court, compulsory exclusion can be applicable in time of peril and emergency. The start of war is related to some misconceptions and risks associated with immigrants as well as Japanese-Americans that led to work in unfavorable way for the country.

The attack of the Japanese on Pearl Harbor and the related report was issued in 1942. The First Robert Commission issued and authorized that the war department can develop specific areas for military and that can exclude Americans. This was to provide necessary lodging support and transport and displacement. In 1942, the army Lieutenant issued a proclamation that democratized exclusion zones under military areas. This directed German, Japanese, and Italian aliens to inform the postal service of the US. The defense command of US-issued exclusion orders for civilians that all the Japanese ancestry will have to report to the assembly points.

Korematsu decided to stay in California rather than obeying this order. This decision was an open violation of the army’s exclusion order. According to him, the order was not constitutional, and it violates the fifth amendment of the US laws. The Fifth Amendment was due to a lack of protection policies of federal. The case and onset of the war are related to the legalization of racism. Frank Murphy asserted that constitutional power is used for the ugly abyss. The mass hysteria occurred when Japanese Americans were imprisoned during World War II. Most of the loyal Americans were actively represented themselves in churches, schools, and communities. The Ralph Lazo was a unique person who was willing to stand up for these people.

After the attack on Harbor, the military arrested Japanese Americans as well as religious leaders. Though scant evidence was available, buy Japanese characters were the main arresting cause. Under the Chinese exclusion act in 1882, the immigrants from china were barred for 60 years. In 1917, Asians were considered to get jobs from whites, so the US suspended the policies of immigration for most of the East Asians. In addition, all the ethnic Japanese were also barred in 1924, and they were forbidden to get citizenship. The anti-Japanese sentiment was a leading cause for the onset of war.

The wartime civil control administration Karl Bendetson vowed that even a drop of Japanese blood would be incarcerated. This policy was opposed by some newspapers, and the American Baptist developed material to push back, but the wartime searches went for public protests, and non-Japanese supported this venture. According to Senator Robert Taft, the policy was not useful for the public, so it was condemned. The West Coast landowners and farmers got many incentives to get rid of these Japanese farmers who only found successful methods of irrigation. In Hawaii, the business owners focused on the internment and opposed this understanding, yet it was not considered for positive reasons. This fear lost workforces, and about 1200-1800 Japanese Americans moved to internment camps.

After much chaos related to the organizational level, about 15,000 Japanese Americans were moved to the no go areas. The inland citizen of the state were not aligned with new residents. The state governors also voiced some opposition because they had fears of the Japanese residence, and they have to forcefully accept them. The relocation centers in that time were California, Manzanar, Minidoka, and Jerome, etc. the issue gave rise to political and constitutional debate because Japanese American citizens challenged the orders of curfew. Korematsu received negative feelings and judgments about this process, and he was determined to be loyal and related to the courts. The relocation centers faced violence such as internees in New Mexico were moved by trains. The internment camps ended up in 1945, and the Supreme Court decision held for this issue.

The rule regarding this issue highlighted that war Relocation Authority is related to citizens yet not subjected to the concededly loyal procedures. This case was put forward by Mitsuye Endo that was the daughter of immigrants from California. The habeas corpus petition was filed by her, and the government offered her to let her go freely, ye she refused and wanted her case perusal. The military debated restrictions limited the involvement of military participants. This structure was developed on the support of the confined Japanese persons.

General Mark Clark faced opposition and executive order 9066 that was to prescribe the military areas to such places that appropriately determine the exclusion criteria of people. The secretary of war then authorized to focus on the residents about exclusion, so to get involved in key practices of food, transportation, and accommodation. In this regard, the alien and citizens supported the removal of all these people from the coastal region, so it was impossible to know who was loyal by that time. Mass evaluating was not supported by many leaders, yet they wanted to prove the loyalty of people in order to operate in military necessity. Later, the army controlled wartime administration practices to remove Japanese Americans.

Korematsu changed his facial features and his name to go in hiding. The person was arrested later, and in the court, he proclaimed that the imprisonment of people on the basis of ancestry is not logical. He also claimed that Yasui spent much time in prison, and then he went to Minidoka Relocation Center, and Korematsu was sent to the relocation center. This act was not authorized, and Japanese Americans faced relocation. The war created massive consequences for people, and Californians had to face shortages of food. The evaluation process also thwarted sabotage and espionage. This issue was related to the people who acted as Caucasian parents, while more than 1/16th Japanese people’s blood was involved.

Ralph Lazo was the classmate of RoseiKakauuchi and was a loyal person. He was viewed as an orphaned child who was accepted and loved by everyone. The grim surroundings discussed resilience.   Ralph went into camps in 1946 and received Bronze star because he acted with bravery in all this nightmare. At the end of the war, Ralph support was maintained with consistency for the Japanese Americans, and the security for the community was ensured. During the wartime, the necessity of a significant voice to show power and unity was acted, which were related to administration. The legal profession later changed the status of war and struggle for own community member. The exclusion of residing role in World war II was also considered significant.  World War II placed emphasis on the loyalty of communities and people contributing to their beloved country. The war also set an example for the sovereignty of the state and the sacrifices people believe in. The outcomes of war showed how effective it was to develop sustainability for the country with the involvement of people.

Crime Theories

American History, Race and Gender




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